Why Lenders Push Homeowners Around
According to this Mish's Global Economic Trend Analysis article, Government and Lender Policies of Fear and Shame Help Keep Homeowners Debt Slaves
, lenders offer loan modifications to financially distressed homeowners only if doing so financially benefits the lender (i.e. it as a business decision), while homeowners view walking away from their homes as a moral decision. The article concludes that the result of these differing view points is that homeowners are at a distinct disadvantage compared to mortgage lenders when trying to make sound financial decisions regarding their homes. Without going into all the details described in the article (if you would like all the details, I highly recommend that you read it), I would like to mention the following points made in the article.
- Homeowners heavily factor in personal responsibility and morality into their decision to keep paying their mortgages even though they are financially struggling and/or may owe more than their homes are worth (although this view is changing somewhat - see my blog post Underwater Homeowners Walking Away From Their Homes).
- Lenders are more responsible than homeowners for the real estate boom and bust due to lenders' superior real estate market knowledge including appraisals to determine property/collateral values, complex default models, deciding to require lower down payments even though the lenders knew that higher loan to value mortgage loans had higher default rates, etc.
- Due to lenders being more than 50% responsible for the housing bust, lenders should be willing to voluntarily write off some of the debt in order to reduce the amount that homeowners are underwater (i.e. negative equity), but they are not doing this since when lenders are trying to decide on how to best handle struggling homeowners, they do not factor in "responsibility" for the housing market crash. Instead, lenders strictly desire an outcome that will maximize profits or minimize losses.
- Due to the difference in the way that homeowners and lenders view mortgage loan default (personal responsibility/morality versus business decision), mortgage lenders are able to manipulate homeowners to do things that are to the financial benefit of mortgage lenders, but to the financial detriment of homeowners.
The article states "First, lenders know that borrowers with high credit scores are unlikely to default even at high levels of negative equity. To modify loans for these homeowners would be to throw money away – and to encourage more homeowners to ask for modifications. Second, a significant number of homeowners who temporarily default on their mortgages "self-cure" without any help from their lender – though self cure rates have dropped precipitously in the last two years. Again, to modify the loans of individuals who would otherwise self cure would be to throw away money. Third, homeowners with poor credit, or who end up in arrears because of “triggering events” such as unemployment, divorce, or other financially devastating circumstances are likely to default on the modified loan as well. To modify loans for these individuals is to waste time and risk housing prices falling further before the lender eventually has to foreclosure and sell the property anyway. Given these economic incentives for the lender, a seriously underwater homeowner with good credit and solid mortgage payment history who responsibly calls his lender to work out a loan modification is likely to be told by his lender that it will not discuss a loan modification until the homeowner is 30 days or more delinquent on his mortgage payment. The lender is making a bet (and a good one) that the homeowner values his credit score too much to miss a payment and will just give up the idea of a loan modification. However, if the homeowner does what the lender suggests, misses a payment, and calls back to discuss a loan modification in 30 days, the homeowner is likely to be told to call back when he is 90 days delinquent. In the meantime, the lender will send the borrower a series of strongly-worded notices reminding him of his moral obligation to pay and threatening legal action, including foreclosure and a deficiency judgment, if the homeowner does not bring his mortgage payments current. The lender is again making a bet (and again a good one) that the homeowner will be shamed or frightened into paying their mortgage. If the homeowner calls the lender’s bluff and calls back when he is 90 days delinquent, there is a good possibility that he will be told that his credit score is now so low that he does not qualify for a loan modification. Most lenders will, in other words, take full advantage of the asymmetry of norms between lender and homeowner and will use the threat of damaging the borrower’s credit score to bring the homeowner into compliance. Additionally, many lenders will only bargain when the threat of damaging the homeowner’s credit has lost its force and it becomes clear to the lender that foreclosure is imminent absent some accommodation. On a fundamental level, the asymmetry of moral norms for borrowers and market norms for lenders gives lenders an unfair advantage in negotiations related to the enforcement of contractual rights and obligations."
The information above is why:
- Lenders take as long as they want to respond to homeowner loan modification requests.
- Lenders frequently reject loan modification requests.
- Financially struggling homeowners can frequently stay in their homes for many months despite not paying their mortgage loans (the lenders are frequently deciding to do nothing until foreclosure is absolutely imminent).
- Homeowners do sometimes walk away despite the personal responsibility - they get completely frustrated with the games lenders play.
- Walking away needs to be a viable option (albeit not the best one) for homeowners.
- Short sales and foreclosures will continue to increase.
If you are a Middle TN homeowner, property owner, real estate investor, home builder or real estate developer who cannot pay your mortgage payments (due to losing your job, having your income reduced, illness, health problems, adverse business conditions, slow sales, loss of investment property tenants, vacancy issues, lack of funds to complete the project, feuding business partners, etc.), know that you will not be able to pay your mortgage, have defaulted on your mortgage, are already in foreclosure, or owe more than your home is worth, please contact me to discuss your options including a loan modification and a short sale (a real estate short sale occurs when the sale proceeds are not sufficient to pay off all the mortgages and liens on the property/home). I am a Middle Tennessee distressed real estate, short sale, pre-foreclosure (preforeclosure) and foreclosure REALTOR and Expert. I primarily help sellers (homeowners, property owners, real estate investors, home builders and real estate developers) of distressed real estate, short sales, pre-foreclosures, foreclosures, investment properties, failed new construction projects and struggling commercial real estate developments located in and around Middle Tennessee (Rutherford County TN, Williamson County TN, Davidson County TN, Murfreesboro TN, Smyrna TN, La Vergne TN, Eagleville TN, Lascassas TN, Rockvale TN, Christiana TN, Brentwood TN, Franklin TN, Nashville TN and Belle Meade TN). If you do need to short sell your home or property, or you need a quick sale due to being in foreclosure, you can request short sale and foreclosure help and assistance on my website at Get Short Sale and Foreclosure Help and Assistance from a Middle Tennessee Short Sale and Foreclosure REALTOR and Real Estate Expert
Post a Comment